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VOA慢速英語2019--越南2020年經濟增長或領先中國

時間:2020-01-29 23:21來源:互聯網 提供網友:nan   字體: [ ]
    (單詞翻譯:雙擊或拖選)

Vietnam Aims to Grow Economy by 7 Percent in 2020

Vietnam’s government is seeking to expand the country’s economy by seven percent this year. The goal would be one of Vietnam’s highest growth rates yet and could be greater than China’s expected economic expansion in 2020.

越南政府正謀求今年取得7%的經濟增長。該目標是越南迄今為止最高的增長之一,并可能會高于中國2020年的預期經濟增長。

The Vietnam-based financial services company SSI Research reported the goal on January third. The Vietnamese central government set a target for its Gross1 Domestic2 Product, or GDP, to increase 6.8 to seven percent. GDP represents the value of all goods and services produced within a country during one year.

越南金融服務公司SSI Research公司于1月3日報告了這一目標。越南中央政府設定了國內生產總值提高到6.8%到7%的目標。國內生產總值代表一個國家一年內生產的所有商品和服務的價值。

SSI Research said the growth is expected to be driven by investments in manufacturing, a lack of trade disputes involving Vietnam and a rising middle class. Manufacturing is predicted to be the leading area of growth, followed closely by the service industry, SSI Research said.

越南SSI Research公司表示,這種增長預計將由制造業投資、越南沒有卷入貿易爭端以及中產階級人數增加來推動。該公司表示,制造業預計將引領增長,緊隨其后的是服務業。

The Asian Development Bank keeps economic data of Asian countries. Its information shows that a seven percent expansion rate would place Vietnam among the 10 fastest-growing Asian economies this year. It also would put Vietnam ahead of China. The development bank has predicted a six percent rate for China in 2020.

亞洲開發銀行掌握著亞洲國家的經濟數據。該行的信息顯示,7%的擴張將使越南成為增長最快的10個亞洲經濟體之一。這也將使得越南超過中國。亞洲開發銀行預計2020年中國經濟增長率為6%。

Song Seng Wun is an economist3 with CIMB, a banking4 group in Singapore. He told VOA that much of Vietnam’s predicted growth in 2020 will come from money flowing into factories, offices and port operations.

宋誠煥就職于新加坡聯昌國際,這是新加坡的一家銀行機構。他對美國之音表示,越南2020年大部分的預期增長將出自流入工廠、寫字樓和港口運營的資金。

Experts say foreign-supported manufacturing is expected to lead the country’s economy in 2020, just as it has for the past seven years. Song said a lot of foreign investors5 like, what he calls, “government stability” in Vietnam. Pay for factory workers in Vietnam can also be low. They can receive as little as $132 a month.

專家表示,與過去7年一樣,外國支持的制造業有望在2020年引領該國經濟。宋誠煥表示,許多外國投資者喜歡他所說的越南“政府穩定。”越南工廠工人的工資也很低。他們每個月只能掙到132美元。

Most of the investors come from Japan, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan. The companies’ Vietnamese factories produce things like clothing, car parts and electronics6.

大多數投資者來自于日本、新加坡、韓國和中國臺灣省。這些公司的越南工廠生產服裝、汽車零件和電子產品。

In the first half of 2019, foreign investment projects were expected to reach $9.1 billion. That would be a nearly eight percent increase over the same period in 2018. That information comes from the website of the Ministry7 of Planning and Investment.

2019年上半年,越南的外國投資項目預計將達到91億美元。這比2018年同期增長了近8%。該信息來自于越南計劃和投資部。

Besides manufacturing, economic experts say tourism and improvements in higher education are also expected to increase growth.

經濟學家表示,除了制造業,旅游業和高等教育改善也有望促進增長。

Between 2010 and 2018, the number of foreign tourists in Vietnam increased from 5 million to more than 15 million. This growth was mainly fueled by an increase in Chinese visitors.

在2010年到2018年期間,越南的外國游客數量從500萬增加到1500萬以上。這種增長主要來自于中國游客的增加。

Economists8 say another driver of foreign investment in Vietnam is a rise in higher education enrollment9. The percentage of Vietnamese receiving higher education has jumped from 10 to about 30 percent of the population since 2000.

經濟學家表示,越南吸引外國投資的另一個原因是高等教育入學人數的增加。自2000年以來,越南人接受高等教育的比例從10%躍升到30%左右。

Murray Hiebert is a Southeast Asia expert at the Center for Strategic10 and International Studies in Washington, D.C. He told VOA that education matters in Vietnam because investors want workers with stronger problem-solving skills. Such employees can work in technical positions or help lead local offices, Hiebert said.

默里·希伯特是華盛頓特區戰略與國際研究中心的東南亞專家。他對美國之音表示,越南的教育很重要,因為投資者希望擁有解決問題能力更強的工人。希伯特表示,這些員工可以擔任技術職務或是協助領導當地辦事處。

The Boston Consulting Group predicts that more than one-third of Vietnam’s 97 million people will be in, what is considered, the middle class by next year. Middle-class growth is fueled mainly by jobs created by manufacturing for export. As a result, many Vietnamese now have more money to spend on things like electronics, transportation, travel and education, the group said.

波士頓咨詢集團預計到明年越南9700萬人口中將有三分之一以上屬于中產階級。中產階級的增長主要是由出口制造所創造的就業機會所推動。波士頓咨詢集團表示,因此許多越南人現在有錢花在電子、交通、旅行和教育等方面。

I'm Bryan Lynn.


點擊收聽單詞發音收聽單詞發音  

1 gross cyEys     
adj.全部的,粗俗的,肥胖的;vt.獲得...總收入
參考例句:
  • The gross weight of the box of chocolates is 500 grams.那盒巧克力的全部重量是500克。
  • I consider this a gross oversight on your part.我把這件事看作是你的一大疏忽。
2 domestic QsjxC     
adj.家里的,國內的,本國的;n.家仆,傭人
參考例句:
  • This is domestic news.這是國內新聞。
  • She does the domestic affairs every day.她每天都忙家務。
3 economist AuhzVs     
n.經濟學家,經濟專家,節儉的人
參考例句:
  • He cast a professional economist's eyes on the problem.他以經濟學行家的眼光審視這個問題。
  • He's an economist who thinks he knows all the answers.他是個經濟學家,自以為什么都懂。
4 banking aySz20     
n.銀行業,銀行學,金融業
參考例句:
  • John is launching his son on a career in banking.約翰打算讓兒子在銀行界謀一個新職位。
  • He possesses an extensive knowledge of banking.他具有廣博的銀行業務知識。
5 investors dffc64354445b947454450e472276b99     
n.投資者,出資者( investor的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • a con man who bilked investors out of millions of dollars 詐取投資者幾百萬元的騙子
  • a cash bonanza for investors 投資者的賺錢機會
6 electronics 5q0xB     
n.電子器件,電子學,電子技術
參考例句:
  • About 45000 people worked in electronics in Scotland.蘇格蘭約有4.5萬人在電子行業工作。
  • He wants to brush up his knowledge of electronics.他想溫習他的電子學知識。
7 ministry kD5x2     
n.(政府的)部;牧師
參考例句:
  • They sent a deputation to the ministry to complain.他們派了一個代表團到部里投訴。
  • We probed the Air Ministry statements.我們調查了空軍部的記錄。
8 economists 2ba0a36f92d9c37ef31cc751bca1a748     
n.經濟學家,經濟專家( economist的名詞復數 )
參考例句:
  • The sudden rise in share prices has confounded economists. 股價的突然上漲使經濟學家大惑不解。
  • Foreign bankers and economists cautiously welcomed the minister's initiative. 外國銀行家和經濟學家對部長的倡議反應謹慎。 來自《簡明英漢詞典》
9 enrollment itozli     
n.注冊或登記的人數;登記
參考例句:
  • You will be given a reading list at enrollment.注冊時你會收到一份閱讀書目。
  • I just got the enrollment notice from Fudan University.我剛剛接到復旦大學的入學通知書。
10 strategic ItCwp     
adj.戰略(上)的,戰略上重要的
參考例句:
  • The army moved for strategic reasons.軍隊作了戰略轉移。
  • The bridge is of strategic importance to us.這座橋對我們至關重要。
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